Law of Governance

Royal Order No. (A/91)
27 Sha’ban 1412H – 1 March 1992
Published in Umm al-Qura Gazette No. 3397
2 Ramadan 1412H - 5 March 1992


Part One

General Principles


Article 1:
The Kingdom of Saudi Arabia is a fully sovereign Arab Islamic State. Its religion shall be Islam and its constitution shall be the Book of God and the Sunnah (Traditions) of His Messenger, may God’s blessings and peace be upon him (PBUH). Its language shall be Arabic and its capital shall be the city of Riyadh.

 
Article 2:
The two holidays of the State shall be ‘Id al-Fitr and ‘Id al-Adha, and its calendar shall be the Hijri Calendar.


Article 3:
The flag of the State shall be as follows:
(a) Its color shall be green.
(b) Its width shall be two-thirds its length.
(c) Centered therein shall be the expression “ There is no god but God and Muhammad is the Messenger of God”, with an unsheathed sword under it. The flag may never be flown at half-mast.
The Law shall set forth the provisions appertaining thereto.


Article 4:
The emblem of the State shall be two crossed swords with a date palm tree in the middle of the upper space between them. The law shall set forth the anthem and medals of the State.


Part Two

System of Governance


Article 5:
(a) The system of governance in the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia shall be monarchical.
(b) Governance shall be limited to the sons of the Founder King ‘Abd al-‘Aziz ibn ‘Abd ar-Rahman al-Faysal Al Sa‘ud, and the sons of his sons. Allegiance shall be pledged to the most suitable amongst them to reign on the basis of the Book of God Most High and the Sunnah of His Messenger (PBUH).
(c) The King shall select and relieve the Crown Prince, by Royal Order.
(d) The Crown Prince shall devote himself exclusively to the office of the Crown Prince and shall perform any other duties assigned to him by the King.
(e) The Crown Prince shall assume the powers of the King upon his death until the pledge of allegiance is given.


Article 6:
Citizens shall pledge allegiance to the King on the basis of the Book of God and the Sunnah of his Messenger, and on the basis of submission and obedience in times of hardship and ease, fortune and adversity.


Article 7:
Governance in the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia derives its authority from the Book of God Most High and the Sunnah of his Messenger, both of which govern this Law and all the laws of the State.

Article 8:
Governance in the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia shall be based on justice, shura (consultation), and equality in accordance with the Islamic Shari‘ah.

Law text in English is courtesy of Bureau of Experts at the Council of Ministers